Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2023 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results

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HONOLULU — Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”), parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. (“Hawaiian”), today reported its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2023.

“I am grateful to our team who accomplished an extraordinary amount, including realizing foundational investments during a challenging year,” said Hawaiian Airlines President and CEO Peter Ingram .  “Demand is solid across our networks, our brand remains strong in Japan as the market recovers, and we have seen steady improvement in travel to Maui.  We expect the combination with Alaska will create an even more competitive combined airline, positioning the Hawaiian Airlines brand to flourish in the years ahead.”

Fourth Quarter 2023 – Key Financial Metrics and Results
  GAAP YoY Change Adjusted (a) YoY Change
Net Loss ($101.2M) ($51.0M) ($122.7M) ($98.0M)
Diluted EPS ($1.96) ($0.98) ($2.37) ($1.88)
Pre-tax Margin (19.0) % (10.4) pts. (22.9) % (18.6) pts.
EBITDA ($71.8M) ($65.7M) ($98.1M) ($123.7M)
Operating Cost per ASM 15.30¢ (0.16)¢ 11.77¢ 0.88¢
 
Full Year 2023 – Key Financial Metrics and Results
  GAAP YoY Change Adjusted (a) YoY Change
Net Loss ($260.5M) ($20.4M) ($313.5M) ($103.1M)
Diluted EPS ($5.05) ($0.38) ($6.08) ($2.00)
Pre-tax Margin (12.1) % (1.0) pts. (14.5) % (4.5) pts.
EBITDA ($103.6M) ($41.8M) ($169.0M) ($138.0M)
Operating Cost per ASM 14.90¢ (0.36)¢ 11.29¢ 0.51¢
 
(a) See Table 4 for a reconciliation of adjusted net loss, adjusted diluted EPS, adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted EBITDA, and adjusted operating cost per ASM (CASM excluding fuel and non-recurring items) to each of their respective most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Statistical data, as well as a reconciliation of the reported non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2023 the Company had:

  • Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $908.5 million
  • Outstanding debt and finance lease obligations of $1.7 billion
  • Liquidity of $1.1 billion , including an undrawn revolving credit facility of $235 million

Revenue Environment

Following the Maui wildfires, Hawaiian saw a steady recovery of travel from North America to Maui.  Non-Maui routes and international markets ex- Japan continued to perform and demand remained solid.  In international markets, strong U.S. and other point-of sale demand, coupled with an increase in Japan -originating traffic, contributed to a 20.7% point increase in International passenger load factor year-over-year.  Premium products continued to demonstrate strong performance for the fourth quarter and full year 2023.

The Company's overall operating revenue for the fourth quarter 2023 was down 8.5% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 on 3.3% higher capacity.  In addition to the impact from the Maui wildfires, pandemic-related spoilage and revenue from pent-up travel demand in 2022 drove the year-over-year decline.  The Company's overall operating revenue for 2023 was up 2.8% from 2022 on 8.1% higher capacity.

Other Revenue for fourth quarter 2023 was down 15.9% compared to the same period in 2022, primarily driven by a decrease in cargo revenue.  Cargo activity in 2022 was higher than normal due to lingering pandemic-related effects.  Full year 2023 Other Revenue was down 16.2% compared to 2022, driven by decreases in cargo revenue and contract services.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Highlights

Routes and scheduled services

  • Operated 108% of its 2022 capacity: 96%, 112%, and 172% capacity on its North America , Neighbor Island, and International routes, respectively
  • Launched ticket sales for new daily nonstop service between Salt Lake City and Honolulu , which will commence on May 15, 2024
  • Announced expansion of service in Sacramento with four weekly flights to Līhuʻe, Kauaʻi starting May 24, 2024 and three weekly flights to Kona on the Island of Hawaiʻi starting May 25, 2024

Awards and Recognition

  • Ranked highest for economy travel customer satisfaction in Consumer Reports ‘ 2023 Airline Travel Buying Guide
  • Named the best domestic airline in Travel + Leisure's 2023 “World's Best Awards” annual reader survey
  • Rated as one of the top airlines in the U.S. by Condé Nast Traveler readers for the 2023 Readers' Choice Awards
  • Awarded best new business class in 2023 by TheDesignAir for its new business class product, the Leihōkū Suites

Guest experience

  • Received FAA approval of the Starlink system on the Airbus A321neo, which is currently being installed on that fleet. Hawaiian will be the first major airline to put this technology on-board, and it is expected to be the fastest, most capable inflight connectivity available worldwide, offered free to every guest
  • Collaborated with Hawaiʻi lifestyle brand Noho Home to design Hawaiian's new in-flight amenity kits and soft goods with a focus on sustainability and rooted in aloha. Amenities are made with responsibly sourced materials and offered to Business Class guests on long-haul flights a la carte to minimize waste

Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance

In May 2023 , the Company published its 2023 Corporate Kuleana (Responsibility) Report, providing progress on Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) priorities, which included a decarbonization roadmap with interim targets to lower greenhouse gas emissions focused on replacing petroleum jet fuel with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF); plans to decrease life-cycle jet fuel emissions per revenue ton mile by 45% by 2035; and efforts to replace 10% of conventional jet fuel with SAF by 2030.  The report also highlights Hawaiian's employee diversity, including the highest percentage of women pilots of any major U.S. airline.

Other activities in 2023 include the following:

  • Engaged over 1,500 volunteers who donated over 8,500 hours of community service work for more than 200 organizations throughout Hawaiʻi and other markets we serve
  • Donated $109,500 through the Hawaiian Airlines Foundation as a grant to Kāko'o ‘Ōiwi, a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing the cultural, spiritual and traditional practices of the Native Hawaiian community. The grant funded the construction of a produce washing and packing facility to serve small, family farms in the area
  • Brought the Holoholo Challenge virtual race series to Kauaʻi which raised almost $25,000 in proceeds benefiting the National Tropical Botanical Garden's McBryde Garden , a 259-acre conservation and research area that is home to the world's largest collection of native Hawaiian flora
  • Provided wide-ranging support for the Maui Community , including direct gifts of $50,000 each to the Hawaiʻi Foodbank, Maui Food Bank, and Hawaiʻi Community Foundation's Maui Strong Fund, and a donor-matching HawaiianMiles campaign for the American Red Cross Hawaiʻi totaling approximately 140 million HawaiianMiles. Additionally, Hawaiian assisted with the evacuation of displaced residents and visitors and the transportation of first responders to Maui , and also supported relief efforts by carrying over 193,000 lbs. of essential cargo

The Company continues to focus on creating long-term value and positively impacting the people, environment and communities it serves. The Company will publish its fifth annual Corporate Kuleana Report in the spring of 2024.

Merger Agreement

On December 3, 2023 , Alaska Air Group, Inc. and the Company announced that they have entered into a definitive agreement under which Alaska Airlines will acquire Hawaiian for $18.00 per share in cash, for a transaction value of approximately $1.9 billion , inclusive of $0.9 billion of Hawaiian's net debt.  The combined company will unlock more destinations for consumers and expand choice of critical air service options and access throughout the Pacific region, Continental United States and globally.  The acquisition is conditioned on required regulatory approvals, approval by the Company's shareholders, and other customary closing conditions.  It is expected to close in 12-18 months from the announcement date.

First Quarter 2024 Outlook

The table below summarizes the Company's expectations for the quarter ending March 31, 2024 expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the quarter ended March 31 , 2023.  Figures include the expected impacts of the Company's freighter operation, which are not yet expected to be material.

Item GAAP First Quarter
2024 Guidance
 Non-GAAP Equivalent Non-GAAP First
Quarter 2024
Guidance
Available Seat Miles (ASMs) Up 2.5% to up 5.5%    
Operating Revenue per ASM
(RASM)
 Down 1.0% to up 2.0%    
Costs per ASM (CASM) Up 5.0% to up 7.2% CASM excluding fuel and non-
recurring items (a)
 Up 8.0% to up 11.0%
Gallons of Jet Fuel Consumed (c) Up 4.0% to up 7.0%    
Average fuel price per gallon,
including taxes and delivery (b)
 $2.66 Economic Fuel Price per Gallon
(a)(b)(c)
 $2.71
Effective Tax Rate ~21%    

Full Year 2024 Outlook

The table below summarizes the Company's expectations for the full year ending December 31, 2024 expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the year ended December 31, 2023.  Figures include the expected impacts of the Company's freighter operation as the Company establishes its freighter operation.

Item GAAP Full Year 2024
Guidance
 Non-GAAP Equivalent Non-GAAP Full Year
2024 Guidance
ASMs Up 6.0% to up 9.0%    
CASM Up 0.7% to up 3.0% CASM excluding fuel and non-
recurring items (a)
 Flat to up 3.0%
Gallons of Jet Fuel Consumed (c) Up 4.0% to up 7.0%    
Average fuel price per gallon,
including taxes and delivery (b)
 $2.55 Economic Fuel Price per Gallon
(a)(b)(c)
 $2.59
Capital Expenditures $500M to $550M    
 
(a) See Table 3 and Table 4 for a reconciliation of CASM excluding fuel and non-recurring items and economic fuel price per gallon to each of their respective most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
(b) Average fuel price per gallon and economic fuel price per gallon estimates are based on the January 12, 2024 fuel forward curve.
(c) Gallons of jet fuel consumed do not include fuel used in the freighter operation, as those expenses are pass-through expenses not born by the Company.

Statistical information, as well as a reconciliation of certain non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.

Investor Conference Call

The Company's quarterly and full year earnings conference call is scheduled to begin today ( January 30, 2024 ) at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time ( USA ).  The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet. Investors may listen to the live audio webcast on the investor relations section of the Company's website at HawaiianAirlines.com For those who are not available for the live webcast, the call will be archived and available for 90 days on the investor relations section of the Company's website.

About Hawaiian Airlines

Now in its 95th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawaiʻi's largest and longest-serving airline. Hawaiian offers approximately 150 daily flights within the Hawaiian Islands, and nonstop flights between Hawaiʻi and 15 U.S. gateway cities – more than any other airline – as well as service connecting Honolulu and American Samoa , Australia , the Cook Islands , Japan , New Zealand , South Korea and Tahiti.

Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler and TripAdvisor have placed Hawaiian among the top of all domestic airlines serving Hawaiʻi. The carrier was named Hawaiʻi's best employer by Forbes in 2022 and has topped Travel + Leisure's World's Best list as the No. 1 U.S. airline for the past two years. Hawaiian has also led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for 18 consecutive years (2004-2021) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation.

The airline is committed to connecting people with aloha by offering complimentary meals for all guests on transpacific routes and the convenience of no change fees on Main Cabin and Premium Cabin seats. HawaiianMiles members also enjoy flexibility with miles that never expire. As Hawai'i's hometown airline, Hawaiian encourages guests to Travel Pono and experience the islands safely and respectfully.

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com . Follow Hawaiian's Twitter updates ( @HawaiianAir ), become a fan on Facebook ( Hawaiian Airlines ), and follow us on Instagram ( hawaiianairlines ). For career postings and updates, follow Hawaiian's LinkedIn page.

For media inquiries, please visit Hawaiian Airlines' online newsroom .

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect the Company's current views with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the Company's positioning for the upcoming year; plans for additional route service; expectations related to the merger with Alaska ; expectations about the Starlink systems to be installed on the A321 fleet and in-flight amenity kits; expectations related to Hawaiian's freighter operation; the Company's environmental commitments; the Company's outlook for the first fiscal quarter and fiscal year 2024; and statements as to other matters that do not relate strictly to historical facts or statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the Company's operations and business environment, all of which may cause the Company's actual results to be materially different from any future results, expressed or implied, in these forward-looking statements.

The Company is subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause the Company's results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, including the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed from time to time in the Company's public filings and public announcements, including the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as other documents that may be filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof.  The Company does not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date hereof even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied herein will not be realized.

Table 1.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except for per share data) (unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023 2022 % Change 2023 2022 % Change
  (in thousands, except per share data)
Operating Revenue:            
Passenger $   601,621 $   650,841 (7.6) % $  2,460,005 $  2,335,440 5.3 %
Other 67,453 80,194 (15.9) % 256,279 305,827 (16.2) %
Total 669,074 731,035 (8.5) % 2,716,284 2,641,267 2.8 %
Operating Expenses:            
Wages and benefits 223,012 218,045 2.3 % 951,524 833,137 14.2 %
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery 202,059 213,204 (5.2) % 766,133 817,077 (6.2) %
Aircraft rent 28,914 25,859 11.8 % 109,741 103,846 5.7 %
Maintenance materials and repairs 75,296 65,219 15.5 % 244,296 236,153 3.4 %
Aircraft and passenger servicing 44,815 42,060 6.6 % 176,698 152,550 15.8 %
Commissions and other selling 30,808 32,076 (4.0) % 117,132 113,843 2.9 %
Depreciation and amortization 32,840 33,735 (2.7) % 133,615 136,169 (1.9) %
Other rentals and landing fees 44,797 37,122 20.7 % 171,371 147,143 16.5 %
Purchased services 36,001 33,637 7.0 % 144,822 129,350 12.0 %
Special items 10,561 12,500 (15.5) % 10,561 18,803 (43.8) %
Other 51,721 50,365 2.7 % 184,066 163,250 12.8 %
Total 780,824 763,822 2.2 % 3,009,959 2,851,321 5.6 %
Operating Loss (111,750) (32,787) 240.8 % (293,675) (210,054) 39.8 %
Nonoperating Income (Expense):            
Interest expense and amortization of debt
discounts and issuance costs
 (22,358) (23,054)   (90,540) (95,815)  
Interest income 13,543 11,858   57,231 32,141  
Capitalized interest 3,123 1,070   8,833 4,244  
Other components of net periodic benefit cost (1,707) 1,252   (6,614) 5,065  
Losses on fuel derivatives (6,992) (1,978)   (12,619) (3,041)  
Loss on extinguishment of debt      (8,568)  
Gains (losses) on investments, net 6,304 (4,563)   (602) (43,082)  
Gains (losses) on foreign debt (7,245) (15,629)   11,500 26,667  
Other, net 100 913   (1,308) (1,406)  
Total (15,232) (30,131)   (34,119) (83,795)  
Loss Before Income Taxes (126,982) (62,918)   (327,794) (293,849)  
Income tax benefit (25,800) (12,758)   (67,300) (53,768)  
Net Loss $ (101,182) $    (50,160)   $ (260,494) $ (240,081)  
Net Loss Per Common Stock Share:            
Basic $        (1.96) $        (0.98)   $        (5.05) $        (4.67)  
Diluted $        (1.96) $        (0.98)   $        (5.05) $        (4.67)  
Weighted Average Number of Common
Stock Shares Outstanding:
            
Basic 51,655 51,413   51,596 51,361  
Diluted 51,655 51,413   51,596 51,361  
Table 2.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Selected Statistical Data
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated) (unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023 2022 % Change 2023 2022 % Change
  (in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
Scheduled Operations:            
Revenue passengers flown 2,655 2,651 0.2 % 10,876 9,995 8.8 %
Revenue passenger miles (RPM) 4,219,482 3,982,719 5.9 % 16,860,663 14,932,750 12.9 %
Available seat miles (ASM) 5,100,896 4,931,687 3.4 % 20,196,230 18,636,466 8.4 %
Passenger revenue per RPM (Yield) 14.26  ¢ 16.34  ¢ (12.7) % 14.59  ¢ 15.64  ¢ (6.7) %
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM) 82.7 % 80.8 % 1.9     pt. 83.5 % 80.1 % 3.4     pt.
Passenger revenue per ASM (PRASM) 11.79   ¢ 13.20  ¢ (10.7) % 12.18  ¢ 12.53  ¢ (2.8) %
Total Operations:            
Revenue passengers flown 2,656 2,655 — % 10,879 10,015 8.6 %
RPM 4,220,584 3,988,798 5.8 % 16,864,998 14,964,500 12.7 %
ASM 5,103,666 4,940,514 3.3 % 20,204,497 18,684,642 8.1 %
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM) 82.7 % 80.7 % 2.0     pt. 83.5 % 80.1 % 3.4     pt.
Operating revenue per ASM (RASM) 13.11   ¢ 14.80  ¢ (11.4) % 13.44  ¢ 14.14  ¢ (5.0) %
Operating cost per ASM (CASM) 15.30  ¢ 15.46  ¢ (1.0) % 14.90  ¢ 15.26  ¢ (2.4) %
CASM excluding aircraft fuel and non-recurring items (a) 11.77   ¢ 10.89  ¢ 8.1 % 11.29   ¢ 10.78  ¢ 4.7 %
Aircraft fuel expense per ASM (b) 3.96  ¢ 4.32  ¢ (8.3) % 3.79  ¢ 4.37  ¢ (13.3) %
Revenue block hours operated 52,961 51,715 2.4 % 211,019 195,361 8.0 %
Gallons of jet fuel consumed 68,756 64,485 6.6 % 268,491 239,231 12.2 %
Average cost per gallon of jet fuel (actual) (b) $       2.94 $       3.31 (11.2) % $            2.85 $          3.42 (16.7) %
Economic fuel cost per gallon (b)(c) $       2.98 $       3.31 (10.0) % $            2.89 $          3.42 (15.5) %
  
(a)See Table 4 for a reconciliation of CASM excluding aircraft fuel and non-recurring items to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
(b)Includes applicable taxes and fees.
(c)See Table 3 for a reconciliation of economic fuel cost per gallon to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Table 3.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Economic Fuel Expense
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts) (unaudited)

The price and availability of aircraft fuel is volatile due to global economic and geopolitical factors that we can neither control nor accurately predict. The increase in aircraft fuel expense is illustrated in the following table:

  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve months ended December 31,
  2023 2022 % Change 2023 2022 % Change
  (in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery $  202,059 $  213,204 (5.2) % $  766,133 $  817,077 (6.2) %
Fuel gallons consumed 68,756 64,485 6.6 % 268,491 239,231 12.2 %
Average fuel price per gallon, including taxes and delivery $        2.94 $        3.31 (11.2) % $        2.85 $        3.42 (16.7) %

The Company believes that economic fuel expense is a good measure of the effect of fuel prices on its business as it most closely approximates the net cash outflow associated with the purchase of fuel for its operations in a period. The Company defines economic fuel expense as GAAP fuel expense plus losses/(gains) realized through actual cash (receipts)/payments received from or paid to hedge counterparties for fuel hedge derivative contracts settled during the period.

  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023 2022 % Change 2023 2022 % Change
  (in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery $  202,059 $  213,204 (5.2) % $  766,133 $  817,077 (6.2) %
Realized losses on settlement of fuel derivative instruments 2,749 401 585.5 % 10,923 401 2,623.9 %
Economic fuel expense $  204,808 $  213,605 (4.1) % $  777,056 $  817,478 (4.9) %
Fuel gallons consumed 68,756 64,485 6.6 % 268,491 239,231 12.2 %
Economic fuel costs per gallon $        2.98 $        3.31 (10.0) % $        2.89 $        3.42 (15.5) %
  Estimated three months ending
March 31, 2024
 Estimated twelve months ending
December 31, 2024
  (in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery $           179,716$           184,901 $           709,756$           730,230
Realized (gains)/losses on settlement of fuel
derivative contracts
 2,7752,775 11,10011,100
Economic fuel expense $           182,491 $           187,676 $           720,856 $           741,330
Fuel gallons consumed 67,44769,393 278,051286,072
Economic fuel costs per gallon $                 2.71$                 2.71 $                 2.59$                 2.59

Table 4.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures Reconciliation (unaudited)

The Company evaluates its financial performance utilizing various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted net income (loss), adjusted operating expenses, adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share (EPS), CASM, Passenger Revenue per RPM, adjusted EBITDA, and adjusted pre-tax margin. Pursuant to Regulation G, the Company has included the following reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.  The adjustments are described below:

  • CBA related expense .
    • In February 2023 , pilots represented by the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) ratified a new four-year CBA, which included, amongst other things, a signing bonus, pay scale increases across all fleet types, improved health benefits and cost sharing, and enhancements to the Company's postretirement and disability plans. In connection with the ratification, the Company recorded a signing bonus and vacation liability true-up of $17.7 million which were recorded in wages and benefits during the quarter ended March 31, 2023 .
    • In February 2022 , employees represented by the IAM-M and IAM-C ratified a new CBA, which included a one-time signing bonus of $2.1 million , which was recorded in wages and benefits during the first quarter of 2022. During the second quarter of 2022, the Company and the IAM completed a separation program under the CBA and recognized a $2.6 million one-time expense, which was recorded in wages and benefits.
  • Employee retention credit (ERC) . During the three months ended December 31, 2023 , the Company received a $32.5 million employee retention credit under the CARES Act, which was recorded in Wages and benefits in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. In addition, the Company received $1.8 million in interest income in connection with the ERC, which was recorded in Interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  • Contract termination amortization. In December 2022 , the Company entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with one of its third-party service providers to early terminate its Amended and Restated Complete Fleet Services Agreement (Amended CFS) covering A330-200 aircraft. The Amended CFS was originally scheduled to run through December 2027 , but terminated in April 2023 . Upon execution of the MOU, the Company recognized in fiscal year 2022 $12.5 million in termination fees. As of December 31, 2022 , the Company had approximately $24.1 million in deferred liabilities to be recognized into earnings over the remaining contract term as contra-maintenance materials and repairs expense. During the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 , the Company recognized approximately $0.0 million and $24.1 million , respectively, in amortization within Maintenance, materials and repairs in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  • Special items . The Company recorded the following as special items:
    • During the third quarter of 2022, the Company estimated the fair value of our remaining ATR-42 and ATR-72 aircraft, which resulted in the recognition of a $6.3 million impairment charge recorded as a Special item in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
    • During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with its third-party service provider to early terminate its Amended and Restated Complete Fleet Services (CFS) Agreement (Amended CFS). The Amended CFS was originally scheduled to run through December 2027 , but terminated in April 2023 . In connection with the MOU, the Company agreed to pay a total of $12.5 million in termination fees, which was recognized at execution as a Special item in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
    • During the year ended December 31, 2023 , the Company recorded $10.6 million in Special items related to expenses related to its merger with Alaska Air Group, primarily consisting of legal, advisory, and other fees.
  • Loss (gain) on sale of aircraft During the second quarter of 2022, the Company sold three ATR-72 aircraft and recognized a $2.6 million gain on the transactions, which was recorded in Other operating expense in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  • Gain on sale of commercial real estate In February 2023 , the Company entered into an agreement for the sale of its commercial real estate and recognized a gain on sale of $10.2 million , which was recorded in Other operating expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  • Interest income on federal tax refund In March 2023 , the Company received $4.7 million in interest in connection with a $66.8 million federal tax refund received related to fiscal year 2018. The interest was recorded in Interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. In December 2023 , the Company received $1.8 million in interest income in connection with the ERC, which was recorded in Interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  • Changes in fair value of fuel derivative instruments . Changes in fair value of fuel derivative contracts, net of tax, are based on market prices for open contracts as of the end of the reporting period, and include the unrealized amounts of fuel derivatives (not designated as hedges) that will settle in future periods and the reversal of prior period unrealized amounts.
  • Loss on extinguishment of debt . During the second quarter of 2022, the Company recognized a $8.6 million loss on the extinguishment of its remaining outstanding Series 2020-1A and Series 2020- 1B Equipment Notes. Loss on extinguishment of debt is excluded to allow investors to better analyze our core operational performance and more readily compare our results to other airlines in the periods presented below.
  • Unrealized loss (gain) on foreign debt . Unrealized loss (gain) on foreign debt is based on fluctuation in exchange rates and the measurement of foreign-denominated debt to our functional currency.
  • Unrealized loss (gain) on equity securities . Unrealized losses on equity securities and gains on derivative instruments in our investment portfolio are driven by changes in market prices and currency fluctuations, which are recorded in Other nonoperating expense in the consolidated statements of operations.

The Company believes that adjusting for the impact of employee retention credits, changes in fair value of equity securities and fuel derivative contracts, fluctuations in exchange rates on debt instruments denominated in foreign currency, non-recurring expenses and income/gains (including CBA-related, contract termination amortization, special items, interest income on tax refund, gain or loss on sale of aircraft, gain on sale of commercial real estate, and loss on extinguishment of debt and the tax effect of such adjustments helps investors better analyze the Company's operational performance and compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented.

  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
  Total Diluted
Per Share
 Total Diluted
Per Share
 Total Diluted
Per Share
 Total Diluted
Per Share
  (in thousands, except per share data)
GAAP net loss, as reported $ (101,182) $    (1.96) $   (50,160) $    (0.98) $ (260,494) $    (5.05) $ (240,081) $    (4.67)
Adjusted for:                
CBA related expense     17,727 0.34 4,678 0.09
Employee retention credit
(ERC)
 (32,516) (0.63)   (32,516) (0.63)  
Contract termination
amortization
     (24,085) (0.47)  
Special items 10,561 0.21 12,500 0.24 10,561 0.21 18,803 0.37
Loss (gain) on sale of
aircraft
     392 0.01 (2,578) (0.05)
Gain on sale of
commercial real estate
     (10,179) (0.20)  
Interest income on federal
tax refund
 (1,820) (0.03)   (6,492) (0.13)  
Changes in fair value of
fuel derivative instruments
 4,243 0.08 1,577 0.03 1,696 0.03 2,640 0.05
Loss on extinguishment of
debt
       8,568 0.17
Unrealized loss (gain) on
foreign debt
 7,123 0.14 15,501 0.30 (11,668) (0.22) (26,196) (0.51)
Unrealized loss (gain) on
equity securities
 (13,904) (0.27) 2,110 0.04 (10,755) (0.21) 24,949 0.49
Tax effect of adjustments 4,824 0.09 (6,211) (0.12) 12,269 0.24 (1,242) (0.02)
Adjusted Net Loss $ (122,671) $    (2.37) $   (24,683) $    (0.49) $ (313,544) $    (6.08) $ (210,459) $    (4.08)
  Three months endedDecember 31, Twelve months endedDecember 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
  (in thousands)
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes $          (126,982) $            (62,918) $          (327,794) $          (293,849)
Adjusted for:        
CBA related expense   17,727 4,678
Employee retention credit (ERC) (32,516)  (32,516) 
Contract termination amortization   (24,085) 
Special items 10,561 12,500 10,561 18,803
Loss (gain) on sale of aircraft   392 (2,578)
Gain on sale of commercial real estate   (10,179) 
Interest income on federal tax refund (1,820)  (6,492) 
Changes in fair value of fuel derivative instruments 4,243 1,577 1,696 2,640
Loss on extinguishment of debt    8,568
Unrealized loss (gain) on foreign debt 7,123 15,501 (11,668) (26,196)
Unrealized loss (gain) on equity securities (13,904) 2,110 (10,755) 24,949
Adjusted Loss Before Income Taxes $          (153,295) $            (31,230) $          (393,113) $          (262,985)

Adjusted EBITDA

The Company believes that adjusting earnings for interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-recurring operating expenses (such as changes in unrealized gains and losses on financial instruments) and one-time charges helps investors better analyze the Company's financial performance by allowing for company-to-company and period-over-period comparisons that are unaffected by company-specific or one-time occurrences.

  Three months endedDecember 31, Twelve months endedDecember 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
  (in thousands)
Net Loss before Taxes $          (126,982) $            (62,918) $          (327,794) $          (293,849)
Depreciation & Amortization 32,840 33,735 133,615 136,169
Interest and amortization of debt 22,358 23,054 90,540 95,815
EBITDA, as reported (71,784) (6,129) (103,639) (61,865)
Adjusted for:        
CBA related expense   17,727 4,678
Employee retention credit (ERC) (32,516)  (32,516) 
Contract termination amortization   (24,085) 
Special items 10,561 12,500 10,561 18,803
Loss (gain) on sale of aircraft   392 (2,578)
Gain on sale of commercial real estate   (10,179) 
Interest income on federal tax refund (1,820)  (6,492) 
Changes in fair value of fuel derivative contracts 4,243 1,577 1,696 2,640
Loss on extinguishment of debt    8,568
Unrealized loss (gain) on foreign debt 7,123 15,501 (11,668) (26,196)
Unrealized loss (gain) on investment securities (13,904) 2,110 (10,755) 24,949
Adjusted EBITDA $            (98,097) $              25,559 $          (168,958) $            (31,001)

Operating Costs per Available Seat Mile (CASM)

The Company has separately listed in the table below its fuel costs per ASM and non-GAAP unit costs, excluding fuel and non-recurring items.  These amounts are included in CASM, but for internal purposes the Company consistently uses cost metrics that exclude fuel and non-recurring items (if applicable) to measure and monitor its costs.

  Three Months EndedDecember 31, Twelve Months EndedDecember 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
  (in thousands, except CASM data)
GAAP operating expenses $       780,824 $       763,822 $    3,009,959 $    2,851,321
Adjusted for:        
CBA related expense   (17,727) (4,678)
Employee retention credit (ERC) 32,516  32,516 
Contract termination amortization   24,085 
Special items (10,561) (12,500) (10,561) (18,803)
Gain (loss) on sale of aircraft   (392) 2,578
Gain on sale of commercial real estate   10,179 
Operating Expenses excluding non-recurring items 802,779 751,322 3,048,059 2,830,418
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery (202,059) (213,204) (766,133) (817,077)
Operating Expenses excluding fuel and non-recurring items $       600,720 $       538,118 $    2,281,926 $    2,013,341
Available Seat Miles 5,103,666 4,940,514 20,204,497 18,684,642
CASM—GAAP 15.30 ¢ 15.46 ¢ 14.90 ¢ 15.26 ¢
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery (3.96) (4.32) (3.79) (4.37)
CBA related expense   (0.09) (0.02)
Employee retention credit (ERC) 0.64  0.15 
Contract termination amortization   0.12 
Special items (0.21) (0.25) (0.05) (0.10)
Gain (loss) on sale of aircraft    0.01
Gain on sale of commercial real estate   0.05 
CASM excluding fuel and non-recurring items 11.77 ¢ 10.89 ¢ 11.29 ¢ 10.78 ¢
  Estimated three months ending
March 31, 2024
 Estimated twelve months ending
December 31, 2024
  (in thousands, except CASM data)
GAAP operating expenses $        785,786$        825,746 $     3,214,296$     3,377,846
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery (179,716)(184,901) (709,756)(730,230)
Non-recurring items (4,999) (4,999) (85,698) (85,698)
Adjusted operating expenses $        601,071$        635,846 $     2,418,842$     2,561,918
Available seat miles 5,040,4545,187,980 21,416,76622,022,901
CASM – GAAP 15.59 ¢15.92 ¢ 15.01 ¢15.34 ¢
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery (3.57)(3.56) (3.32)(3.32)
Non-recurring items (0.10) (0.10) (0.40) (0.39)
CASM excluding fuel and non-recurring items 11.92 ¢12.26 ¢ 11.29 ¢11.63 ¢

Pre-tax margin

The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative instruments, foreign debt, and equity securities, gain on the sale of aircraft, and non-recurring items from pre-tax margin for the same reasons as described above.

  Three months endedDecember 31, Twelve months endedDecember 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
Pre-Tax Margin, as reported (19.0) % (8.6) % (12.1) % (11.1) %
Adjusted for:        
CBA related expense   0.6 0.2
Employee retention credit (4.9)  (1.2) 
Contract termination amortization   (0.9) 
Special items 1.6 1.7 0.4 0.7
Loss (gain) on sale of aircraft    (0.1)
Gain on sale of commercial real estate   (0.4) 
Interest income on federal tax refund (0.3)  (0.2) 
Changes in fair value of fuel derivative contracts 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1
Loss on extinguishment of debt    0.3
Unrealized loss (gain) on foreign debt 1.2 2.1 (0.4) (1.0)
Unrealized loss (gain) on equity securities (2.1) 0.3 (0.4) 0.9
Adjusted Pre-Tax Margin (22.9) % (4.3) % (14.5) % (10.0) %



SOURCEHawaiian Holdings, Inc.
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Now in its 95th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawaiʻi's largest and longest-serving airline. Hawaiian offers approximately 150 daily flights within the Hawaiian Islands, and nonstop flights between Hawaiʻi and 15 U.S. gateway cities – more than any other airline – as well as service connecting Honolulu and American Samoa , Australia , Cook Islands , Japan , New Zealand , South Korea and Tahiti. Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler and TripAdvisor have placed Hawaiian among the top of all domestic airlines serving Hawaiʻi. The carrier was named Hawaiʻi's best employer by Forbes in 2022 and has topped Travel + Leisure's World's Best list as the No. 1 U.S. airline for the past two years. Hawaiian has also led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for 18 consecutive years (2004-2021) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation. The airline is committed to connecting people with aloha by offering complimentary meals for all guests on transpacific routes and the convenience of no change fees on Main Cabin and Premium Cabin seats. HawaiianMiles members also enjoy flexibility with miles that never expire. As Hawai'i's hometown airline, Hawaiian encourages guests to Travel Pono and experience the islands safely and respectfully. Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com . Follow Hawaiian's Twitter updates ( @HawaiianAir ), become a fan on Facebook ( Hawaiian Airlines ), and follow us on Instagram ( hawaiianairlines ). For career postings and updates, follow Hawaiian's LinkedIn page. For media inquiries, please visit Hawaiian Airlines' online newsroom.

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